Are Agricultural Production Co-operatives Successful? A Case Study in Western Iran

American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ - Kiumars Zarafshani, Farough Rostamitabar, Gholam Hossein Hosseininia, Morteza Akbari and Hossein Azadi

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Farm Table says:

The United Nations has found that cooperatives contribute significantly to social development, poverty alleviation, job creation and farmer development. Challenges in Iran:
  • Weak coordination among farmers
  • Little support from government
  • High prices for inputs
  • Low financial power of farmers
  • Land degradation
  • Inappropriate technologies

An examination of Agricultural Production Cooperatives in Iran and why they are in decline.

Abstract:

Agricultural Production Cooperatives (APCs) in Iran have nearly a forty-year history. In the last decades, the Ministry of Agri-Jihad has devoted a considerable amount of time and budget to promote and establish APCs in order to alleviate rural poverty. The purpose of this study was to assess the rate of APCs’ success in Kermanshah province in Iran. Using stratified random sampling, 311 members were selected across six APCs. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data. Results revealed that the members have positive attitude towards the APCs. However, they were not very satisfied with the management of the APCs. Also, the APCs were not successful in fulfilling their members’ needs. Given the gradual decline of both cooperative membership and the number of cooperatives in Iran, a good understanding of APCs success factors is necessary because a cooperative’s success may depend on it.

2010 - Iran - American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ - Kiumars Zarafshani, Farough Rostamitabar, Gholam Hossein Hosseininia, Morteza Akbari and Hossein Azadi
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