Farm Table says:
This article talks about water quality and livestock needs in terms of daily water requirements.
The items covered in this article are:
- Water quality
- Blue-green algae
- Other water contamination
- Important factors for livestock and water
- Daily water consumption requirements
Key points were as follows:
- Water quality is important for livestock to ensure production continues at the maximum level, decreases water intake can cause loss in production, dehydration and weight loss in livestock.
- Water that is excessive in saline can turn stock off drinking leading to loss in production and can also cause salt poisoning in some cases.
- Blue-green algae is poisonous to livestock and appears on the surface of water as a greenish liquid.
- Other types of contamination in water include dead animals, faeces, chemical run off, birds, pesticides or heavy metals.
- Some important factors to consider with livestock and water:
- Ensure water troughs are cleaned regularly
- For larger sized paddocks, more than one watering point is required
- Livestock will not be keen on drinking water if it’s warm so consider location, trough size and shade when planning watering points
- If moving livestock into a new paddock, you should move them to where the water is located before leaving them
- Cloudy or muddy water is ok for livestock to drink
- Daily water requirements for cattle:
- Lactating cow on grassland = 40–100L
- Lactating cow on saltbush = 70–140L
- Young stock = 25–50L
- Dry stock (400kg) = 35–80L
- Daily water requirements for sheep:
- Adult dry sheep on grassland = 2–6L
- Adult dry sheep on saltbush = 4–12L
- Ewes with lambs = 4–10L
- Weaners = 2–4L
- Daily water requirements for horses:
- Lactating horses = 80–150L
- Young horses = 20–40L
- Horses = 40–50L